Lung cancer is the second most common form of cancer after skin cancer and is becoming one of the biggest health threats facing the world. Annually, nearly 170,000 men and women are diagnosed with the disease. It is the most common form of cancer found in both women and men. New research indicates that the rise in lung cancer among women may be due to an increase in smoking.
People over the age of 50 are at an increased risk of lung cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, tobacco use causes more than 80 percent of all lung cancers because cigarettes, cigars and other tobacco products contain many dangerous carcinogens. Other causes include inhalation of asbestos and radon, among other chemicals and pollutants including arsenic, chromium, silica and beryllium. People with a history of tuberculosis and other lung diseases, including emphysema and asthma, have an increased risk of developing lung cancer.
Smokers, former smokers and those exposed to second-hand smoke over the course of many years are also at greater risk, but smokers can lower their risk by quitting.
There are four types of lung cancer:
- Small lung cancer, sometimes called oat cell cancer, accounts for about 20 to 25 percent of all lung cancer cases. It is found predominantly in people who are heavy smokers and most often develops in the bronchial submucosa. This form of lung cancer spreads rapidly and is more likely to metastasize than the other three forms of lung cancer.
- Squamous cell carcinoma, also called epidermoid cancer, makes up 25 to 30 percent of all lung cancer cases and is the most common form of lung cancer. It often begins in the bronchi and may remain in the lungs without spreading for a longer period of time than the other forms of lung cancer.
- Adenocarcinoma is a form of lung cancer with cancerous cells shaped as cubes or columns, which usually grow in patterns in the glands, along the tissue that lines the bronchi and along the outer edges of the lungs. It makes up 25 to 30 percent of all lung cancer cases.
- Large cell carcinoma is the rarest form of lung cancer, making up approximately 10 to 20 percent of cases. It is found most often in the bronchi and is made up of cancer cells that are not small lung cancer, squamous, or adenocarcinoma.
Have you become a victim of Lung Cancer Misdiagnosis? You may have a legal claim. Contact us for a free consolation on your Lung Cancer Misdiagnosis today!
Michael Gunzburg is a New York Lung Cancer Misdiagnosis Attorney serving the New York Metropolitan area, includingNew York City, Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island, Nassau, Suffolk, Westchester, Rockland and Orange County.